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Comprehensive Eye Exams

Learn more about what problems can be spotted with an eye exam, what’s involved in a comprehensive exam, and special considerations for kids and contacts.

Regardless of your age or physical health, it’s important to have regular eye exams.

During a complete eye exam, your eye doctor will not only determine your prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses, but will also check your eyes for common eye diseases, assess how your eyes work together as a team and evaluate your eyes as an indicator of your overall health.

A comprehensive eye exam includes a number of tests and procedures to examine and evaluate the health of your eyes and the quality of your vision. These tests range from simple ones, like having you read an eye chart, to complex tests, such as using a high-powered lens to examine the health of the tissues inside of your eyes.

Eye care experts recommend you have a complete eye exam every year to assess your risk for potentially damaging eye conditions, as well as to keep on top of any changes in vision you may be experiencing.

pediatric optometrist at eye exam for kids in New Albany


Some experts estimate that approximately 5% to 10% of pre-schoolers and 25% of school-aged children have vision problems. According to the American Optometric Association (AOA), all children should have their eyes examined at 6 months of age, at age 3 and again at the start of school.

Children without vision problems or risk factors for eye or vision problems should then continue to have their eyes examined at every year throughout school.

Children with existing vision problems or risk factors should have their eyes examined more frequently.

    Common risk factors for vision problems include:

    • premature birth
    • developmental delays
    • turned or crossed eyes
    • family history of eye disease
    • history of eye injury
    • other physical illness or disease

    The AOA recommends that children who wear eyeglasses or contact lenses should have their eyes examined at least every 12 months or according to their eye doctor’s instructions. Read more about Pediatric Eye Exams

    eye doctor and patient at eye exam in Worthington Hills Ohio


    The AOA also recommends an annual eye exam for any adult who wears eyeglasses or contacts.

    If you don't normally need vision correction, you still need an eye exam every year.

    Doctors often recommend more frequent examinations for adults with diabetes, high blood pressure, and other disorders, because many diseases can have an impact on vision and eye health.

    If you are over 40, it's a good idea to have your eyes examined every one to two years to check for common age-related eye problems such as presbyopia, cataracts, and macular degeneration. Read more about Vision After 40.

    Because the risk of eye disease continues to increase with advancing age, everyone over the age of 60 should be examined annually. Read more about Vision After 60.

    Eye Test Specifics

    Many patients want to know what an eye exam includes. Our two-part eye exam is one of the most comprehensive & thorough eye exams available.

    Part 1: Vision Evaluation and Enhancement
    • Visual Acuity Distance & Near (each eye & both eyes)
    • Eye Muscle Alignment & Movements
    • Eye’s Convergence (ability to turn eyes in to look at close objects)
    • Color Vision-Depth Perception
    • Eye Curvature Measurement (Testing for Astigmatism)
    • Automated Refraction (Prescription Measurement #1)
    • Subjective/Patient Assisted Refraction (Prescription Measurement #2)
    • Focusing Ability (Distance to Near)
    • Will provide the basis from which to prescribe a spectacle prescription.
    • Will allow the doctor to discuss candidacy for contact lenses, laser surgery and other vision correction options.
    Part 2: Eye Health Evaluation
    • Neurological screening of all nerves that involve the eyes or eye muscles
    • Front Surface Eye Health Evaluation:  (Lids, Lashes, Lacrimal System, Tear Film, Cornea, Conjunctiva,
    • Anterior Chamber, Iris, Lens, Angles)
    • Intraocular Pressure Measurement (Glaucoma Test #1)
    • Internal Eye Health Evaluation (Glaucoma Test #2): (Retina, Optic Nerve, Macula, Media, Blood Vessels, Vitreous)
    • Complete Assessment of the Visual Pathway
    • Visual Field Testing (Glaucoma Test #3)
    • Retinal Mapping (Optomap) of the back of the eye to monitor for future changes
    • iWellness OCT scan for early detection of eye disease in the macula and retina
    • Will detect any eye problem with eye health or vision system
    • Discussion with the doctor pertaining to any condition detected-Recommendations or initiation of any treatment for any condition detected

    All the tests above are done in a painless, kind, and caring manner. Our doctors will pay special attention to a particular vision or eye health problem as requested by the patient.

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